Proceedings of the First International Conference on Democracy and Social Transformation, ICON-DEMOST 2021, September 15, 2021, Semarang, Indonesia

Research Article

Legitimacy Conflicts in Indonesian Democracy: The Awakening of Civil and Political Islam in Post 411 and 212

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315595,
        author={Chusnul  Mar’iyah},
        title={Legitimacy Conflicts in Indonesian Democracy: The Awakening of Civil and Political Islam in Post 411 and 212},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Democracy and Social Transformation, ICON-DEMOST 2021, September 15, 2021, Semarang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICON-DEMOST},
        year={2022},
        month={2},
        keywords={government political islam},
        doi={10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315595}
    }
    
  • Chusnul Mar’iyah
    Year: 2022
    Legitimacy Conflicts in Indonesian Democracy: The Awakening of Civil and Political Islam in Post 411 and 212
    ICON-DEMOST
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315595
Chusnul Mar’iyah1,*
  • 1: Department of Political Science, Universitas Indonesia
*Contact email: chusnul.mariyah@gmail.com

Abstract

Democracy is believed as a generally uncontested the ideal form of government after the fall of communism in the former USSR at the end of the decade’s 1980s. In Indonesia, however, while regimes (since 1999 to 2019 elections), inspired by this form of government through free and fair elections, have been fall under constant criticism. Especially, since the Pandemic of Covid-19 outbreak around the world. After one year of the Pandemic Covid-19, the steady erosion of confidence government to tackle the Pandemic Covid-19 has become one of the major political issue on the legitimacy. Even though, the legitimacy of government has been shrinking before Pandemic C-19 because of many policies on economy, foreign workers, environment etc. The issue of jailing the HRS (for example: Habib Rizieq Shihab as FPI leader), followed by the issue of KM 50 gave fuel the discussion of the legitimacy of the regime whether it could be called fail state to protect the citizen or placing powerful demands of civil Islam to provide instrument for achieving legitimacy and democracy. I argue - in term of legitimacy in democracy- , there are two issue, first, “desacralization” of the representation election, and second the growing important of legitimacy by civil society (the watchdog power).