Proceedings of the First International Conference on Democracy and Social Transformation, ICON-DEMOST 2021, September 15, 2021, Semarang, Indonesia

Research Article

The Cleavage of Clientelism at Local Democracy (A Case of East Nusa Tenggara)

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315586,
        author={Rudi  Rohi and Nanang Indra Kurniawan},
        title={The Cleavage of Clientelism at Local Democracy (A Case of East Nusa Tenggara)},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Democracy and Social Transformation, ICON-DEMOST 2021, September 15, 2021, Semarang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICON-DEMOST},
        year={2022},
        month={2},
        keywords={cleavage clientelism; class politics; local democracy},
        doi={10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315586}
    }
    
  • Rudi Rohi
    Nanang Indra Kurniawan
    Year: 2022
    The Cleavage of Clientelism at Local Democracy (A Case of East Nusa Tenggara)
    ICON-DEMOST
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315586
Rudi Rohi1,*, Nanang Indra Kurniawan2
  • 1: Doctoral Student at Department of Politics and Government, FISIPOL, UGM, & Lecturer at Department of Politics, FISIP, UNDANA
  • 2: Lecturer at Department of Politics and Government, FISIPOL, UGM
*Contact email: rudirohi@gmail.com

Abstract

This paper aims to explain clientelism politics at the local democracy by going beyond the dichotomic way. The dominant debates on clientelism have been trapped in a feudal-modern dichotomy outlook. Clientelism, thus, is only defined as an exchange relation in terms of identity and money politics. This study explores different findings, where the shape of clientelism depends on the dimension of the relationship that forms cleavage of clientelism into some authentic variants including identity primordialism, identity instrumentalism, materialist primordialism, and materialist instrumentalism. Based on these findings, I argue that clientelism in local democracy is divided into several authentic variants which are identity and materialist or money politics, and other variants established from the linkages of identity and money politics. Furthermore, this study contributes to providing a relational explanation between clientelism, identity, and money politics in which clientelism is infinite to either the dichotomies social identity-materialistic or feudal-modern.