Proceedings of the First International Conference on Democracy and Social Transformation, ICON-DEMOST 2021, September 15, 2021, Semarang, Indonesia

Research Article

Reviewing Identity Politics from Pancasila Democracy

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315573,
        author={Agus  Supratikno},
        title={Reviewing Identity Politics from Pancasila Democracy},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Democracy and Social Transformation, ICON-DEMOST 2021, September 15, 2021, Semarang, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICON-DEMOST},
        year={2022},
        month={2},
        keywords={identity politics; pancasila democracy; indonesian national identity; founding fathers},
        doi={10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315573}
    }
    
  • Agus Supratikno
    Year: 2022
    Reviewing Identity Politics from Pancasila Democracy
    ICON-DEMOST
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315573
Agus Supratikno1,*
  • 1: Satya Wacana Christian University, Indonesia
*Contact email: agus.supratikno@uksw.edu

Abstract

In the Reformation era, identity politics rose in Indonesia, resulting in ethnic and religious conflicts, religious fundamentalism and radicalism with an agenda to enforce Islamic Sharia, and a political maneuver in political contestation. This article discusses identity politics from Pancasila Democracy. This study uses a qualitative method of literature study with a content analysis approach. This approach includes all analysis of the content of the text to conclude efforts to find the characteristics of the text objectively and systematically. The study results that the clash of ethnic, religious, and ideological-based identity politics has occurred since the beginning of the Independence of Indonesia. The feud arose because each group wanted to fight for its primordial identity politics to fill Indonesia, mainly nationalist and religious groups. The feud could be reconciled by making Pancasila the ideology of the Indonesian nation. Pancasila is the result of the agreement of the nation's founding fathers to glue together the diversity of ethnicities, religions, and ideologies that live in Indonesia.