Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Public Management and Intelligent Society, PMIS 2024, 15–17 March 2024, Changsha, China

Research Article

Comprehensive Comparative Study of Forest Fire Emergency Management between China and the United States

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.15-3-2024.2346568,
        author={Shuang  Li and Xu  Liang and Zongqi  Wang and Xiaojun  Liu and Zeng  Li and Yinghua  Zhang},
        title={Comprehensive Comparative Study of Forest Fire Emergency Management between China and the United States},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Public Management and Intelligent Society, PMIS 2024, 15--17 March 2024, Changsha, China},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={PMIS},
        year={2024},
        month={6},
        keywords={emergency management forest fire firefighting and rescue},
        doi={10.4108/eai.15-3-2024.2346568}
    }
    
  • Shuang Li
    Xu Liang
    Zongqi Wang
    Xiaojun Liu
    Zeng Li
    Yinghua Zhang
    Year: 2024
    Comprehensive Comparative Study of Forest Fire Emergency Management between China and the United States
    PMIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.15-3-2024.2346568
Shuang Li1, Xu Liang1, Zongqi Wang1, Xiaojun Liu2,*, Zeng Li2, Yinghua Zhang2
  • 1: Chinese People's Police University Graduate School
  • 2: China People's Police University
*Contact email: liuxiaojun@cppu.edu.cn

Abstract

Forest ecological firefighting engineering is crucial for maintaining the functionality of the terrestrial ecosystem, albeit a complex and challenging task. The forest ecosystem constitute an integral component of the Earth's ecological environment system, playing an indispensable role in ensuring China's forest terrestrial ecosystem's structure and preserving its natural biodiversity. This paper conducts a comprehensive comparative study of forest fire emergency management both domestically and internationally. It introduces the current situation and characteristics of forest fires and analyzes their impacts on the environment, economy, and society. Using the domestic " Liangshan County Fire " and the American "California Forest Fire" as case studies, it explores the organizational mechanisms, technical means, and response measures of forest fire emergency management. The paper summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of forest fire emergency management at home and abroad and proposes suggestions for improvement. China should strengthen cooperation with the international community, learn from foreign experiences and technical means, while also enhancing supervision and management to prevent fires. This paper aims to provide reference and guidance for China's forest fire emergency management.