Proceedings of the First International Seminar on Languare, Literature, Culture and Education, ISLLCE, 15-16 November 2019, Kendari, Indonesia

Research Article

Demonstrative of Ciacia Language

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.15-11-2019.2296194,
        author={La Yani Konisi},
        title={Demonstrative of Ciacia Language},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Seminar on Languare, Literature, Culture and Education, ISLLCE, 15-16 November 2019, Kendari, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ISLLCE},
        year={2020},
        month={6},
        keywords={demonstrative direction distance ciacia language},
        doi={10.4108/eai.15-11-2019.2296194}
    }
    
  • La Yani Konisi
    Year: 2020
    Demonstrative of Ciacia Language
    ISLLCE
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.15-11-2019.2296194
La Yani Konisi1,*
  • 1: Halu Oleo University Kendari, Indonesia
*Contact email: layani@uho.ac.id

Abstract

The category of demonstrative in several languages is very limited. In Ciacia language (CL), the classification of CL is not only based on the distance of speaker but also the direction factor. This paper investigated the category of demonstrative in CL. It includes the classification of CL demonstrative based on distance and direction. The data were collected through interview method with recordingand noting techniques. The data was analyzed through apportioned and changing methods. Based on the result of data analysis, demonstrative of CL language is classified based on the forms, they are (a) single form, (b) integral form, (c) compound form. Based on distance and direction, it can be classifiedas follow (1) rather closed with all directions, (2) closed with all directions, (3)rather far: (a) upward, (b) sideways, (c) downward; and far position: (a) forward, (b) upward/high, and (c) backward/far. CL has base form demonstrative such as nai/nakee ‘this’, naiamo, naianomo, nakeenomo ‘this’, Ncuia/cukee ‘that’, ncuiamo, ncuinomo, cukeenomo ‘that’, tamaia, tamangkee (-mo/-nomo) ‘that, there’, tangeia, tangia (-mo/-nomo) ‘that, there’, lumaia/lumangkee, lumaia/lumai/lumangkee (-no/-nomo), ‘that, there’; and compound form such as kaina/kanakee, kainamo/kanakenomo ‘here’ and kaincu/kacukee, kacukeenomo ‘there’..