Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Rural Socio-Economic Transformation: Agrarian, Ecology, Communication and Community Development Perspectives, RUSET 2021, 14-15 September 2021, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Motivation for Migration and Attitude towards Naturbanization in Mount Ciremai National Park

Download253 downloads
  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.14-9-2021.2317183,
        author={Arini  Murwindarti and Lanthika  Atianta and Saut  Sagala and Findi Diansa Putri and Ahmad  Sobari},
        title={Motivation for Migration and Attitude towards Naturbanization in Mount Ciremai National Park},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Rural Socio-Economic Transformation: Agrarian, Ecology, Communication and Community Development Perspectives, RUSET 2021, 14-15 September 2021, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={RUSET},
        year={2022},
        month={4},
        keywords={migration national park naturbanization rural-natural area tourism-driven urbanization},
        doi={10.4108/eai.14-9-2021.2317183}
    }
    
  • Arini Murwindarti
    Lanthika Atianta
    Saut Sagala
    Findi Diansa Putri
    Ahmad Sobari
    Year: 2022
    Motivation for Migration and Attitude towards Naturbanization in Mount Ciremai National Park
    RUSET
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.14-9-2021.2317183
Arini Murwindarti1,*, Lanthika Atianta1, Saut Sagala1, Findi Diansa Putri1, Ahmad Sobari1
  • 1: Urban and Regional Planning Study Program, School of Architecture, Planning, and Policy Development, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
*Contact email: arini@sappk.itb.ac.id

Abstract

The term ‘Naturbanization’ is used to explains the process of urbanization in the influence of natural/national parks. One of the evidences of Naturbanization is the number of people migrating to rural areas in search of better environmental quality or employment opportunities, especially in tourism sector. There has been concern that economic-driven migrants are more likely to have positive attitude towards changes in rural areas which might lead to environmental degradation in the long run. Therefore, this study aims to explore whether residents’ attitude towards changes in rural-natural areas, or Naturbanization, is associated with their motivation for migration. The attitude is represented by eight variables which consists of four themes: the increase of population, the activation of economic activities, investment in infrastructure, and land-use change. The chi-square test suggests that residents’ attitude towards Naturbanization is not defined by their motivation for migration, whether economic or environmental.