Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Sustainable Management and Innovation, ICoSMI 2020, 14-16 September 2020, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Economic Benefits of Medicinal Plants for Communities Around The Mount Halimun Salak National Park, West Java, Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.14-9-2020.2304456,
        author={Yelin  Adalina and Meilina  Pudjiani},
        title={Economic Benefits of Medicinal Plants for Communities Around The Mount Halimun Salak National Park, West Java, Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Sustainable Management and Innovation, ICoSMI 2020, 14-16 September 2020, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICOSMI},
        year={2021},
        month={5},
        keywords={communities around forest income medicinal plants mount halimun salak national park},
        doi={10.4108/eai.14-9-2020.2304456}
    }
    
  • Yelin Adalina
    Meilina Pudjiani
    Year: 2021
    Economic Benefits of Medicinal Plants for Communities Around The Mount Halimun Salak National Park, West Java, Indonesia
    ICOSMI
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.14-9-2020.2304456
Yelin Adalina1,*, Meilina Pudjiani2
  • 1: Forest Research and Development Center
  • 2: IPB University
*Contact email: yelinadalina@yahoo.com

Abstract

Communities in the surrounding area of Mount Halimun Salak National Park (MHSNP) actively involved in maintaining the preservation. One way is through the use of medicinal plants in the Utilization Zone of MHSNP. The purpose of this study is to determine the economic benefits of medicinal plants through agroforestry for the community in the area. The research was carried out in Gunung Malang Village, Sub-District Cikidang, Sukabumi Regency.The survey method was conducted using interviews with 30 respondents, was selected purposively. The vegetation data obtained in from the analysis the Importance Value index (IVI). The results of IVI, there are 8 types of vegetation at the tree level. Rubber plants with IVI of 181.84%, density of 875 trees/ha and Schima wallichii Korth with IVI of 19.39%, density of 50 trees/ha are the dominant species. Most respondents (62.5%) planted cardamom and ginger. Under tree stands of 250 trees/ha, respondents' income from cardamom was USD 210/ha/year and ginger was USD 208/ha/year. The number of trees planted did not correlate significantly with the production of medicinal plants (p<0.05). Community involvement in the utilization of medicinal plants in MHSNP has significant effects in increasing the income of forest communities. The concept of green marketing is supported by internal and external components, respondents influence internal components as production while suppliers are on external components