phat 18(16): e3

Research Article

CareD: Non-Pharmacological Assistance for Dementia Patients

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.13-7-2018.160073,
        author={Kainat  Siddiq and Narmeen  Bawany and Tehreem  Qamar and Ayesha  Naveed and Bisma  Arif and Mariam  Usman and Mehek  Jamal},
        title={CareD: Non-Pharmacological Assistance for Dementia Patients},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Pervasive Health and Technology},
        keywords={Alzheimer’s disease, cognitive therapies, Dementia, Mobile App for Older Adults},
  • Kainat Siddiq
    Narmeen Bawany
    Tehreem Qamar
    Ayesha Naveed
    Bisma Arif
    Mariam Usman
    Mehek Jamal
    Year: 2018
    CareD: Non-Pharmacological Assistance for Dementia Patients
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.13-7-2018.160073
Kainat Siddiq1,*, Narmeen Bawany1, Tehreem Qamar1, Ayesha Naveed1, Bisma Arif1, Mariam Usman1, Mehek Jamal1
  • 1: Research Center for Computing, Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Jinnah University for Women, Karachi, Pakistan
*Contact email:


BACKGROUND: Dementia is a common form of Alzheimer disease which is affecting the quality of older adults’ life. Non-drug treatment such as cognitive therapies are more beneficial for such patients. These days, mobile applications are providing tremendous opportunities for aiding the medicinal treatment.

OBJECTIVES: This paper presents CareD – a mobile application based solution for dementia patients and their caregivers. Unlike, other available mobile applications, CareD provide a single resolution for maximum dementia related complications. The main objective of this application is to improve the quality of life of dementia patients and facilitate their caregivers. CareD also aims at providing native language support i.e. Urdu to the people of Pakistan.

METHODS: CareD comprises of various modules including cognitive therapy sessions, patient tracking, reminders, healthy living to aid dementia patients in their everyday activities. Experimental study involving dementia patients and their caregivers has been carried out to evaluate the usability and effectiveness of this application.

RESULTS: Twenty patients were included in the study. Results showed that CareD is very effective and helpful in decreasing the disease progression as well as in relieving the burden of caregivers.

CONCLUSION: CareD has been found to be a useful and efficient solution for dementia patients. It was observed that utilization of mobile application was progressively successful in reducing the stress of both; patients and their caregivers. The use of native language Urdu made the application more learnable for older adults and improved its acceptance.