Proceedings of the 1st EAI International Conference on Medical And Health Research, ICoMHER November 13-14th 2018, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

Correlation of Bottle Feeding to Malocclusion on Indonesian 3-6-year-old Preschool Children in Pariaman City, West Sumatera, Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.13-11-2018.2283784,
        author={Hidayati  Hidayati and Idral  Purnakarya and Fikri Al Hafiz and Desy Purnama Sari},
        title={Correlation of Bottle Feeding to Malocclusion on Indonesian 3-6-year-old Preschool Children in Pariaman City, West Sumatera, Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st EAI International Conference on Medical And Health Research, ICoMHER November 13-14th 2018, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICOMHER},
        year={2019},
        month={5},
        keywords={bottle feeding preschool children malocclusion},
        doi={10.4108/eai.13-11-2018.2283784}
    }
    
  • Hidayati Hidayati
    Idral Purnakarya
    Fikri Al Hafiz
    Desy Purnama Sari
    Year: 2019
    Correlation of Bottle Feeding to Malocclusion on Indonesian 3-6-year-old Preschool Children in Pariaman City, West Sumatera, Indonesia
    ICOMHER
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.13-11-2018.2283784
Hidayati Hidayati1,*, Idral Purnakarya1, Fikri Al Hafiz1, Desy Purnama Sari1
  • 1: Universitas Andalas, Padang, Indonesia
*Contact email: hidayati@dent.unand.ac.id

Abstract

Bottle feeding is one of aetiology in dental and skeletal malocclusion. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation of bottle feeding to malocclusion on 3-6-year-old preschool children in PAUD and TK Bato Pariaman City, West Sumatera, Indonesia. A cross-sectional survey of 41 preschool children, aged 3-6 years were chosen randomly. Historical bottle feeding habit collected by interviewing their parents based on a self-reported questionnaire. Clinical examination of malocclusion was recorded by measuring the overjet, overbite and dental or skeletal anomaly. Then, the data were analyzed by computerized analysis using the chi-square test. Almost of respondent has malocclusion (58.54%) including abnormal overjet 41.46%, posterior crossbite (4.88%), open bite (4.88%), abnormal overjet with posterior crossbite (8.33%) and abnormal overjet with open bite (2.44%) and only 41.46% respondent has normal occlusion (41.46%). Chi square-test showed that significant correlation of bottle feeding to malocclusion (p=0,001). So, it is concluded that bottle feeding as an aetiology of malocclusion in preschool children, so an adequate habit repaired play an important role as a preventive program to decrease the children's malocclusion.