Proceedings of the 1st EAI International Conference on Medical And Health Research, ICoMHER November 13-14th 2018, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia

Research Article

The Effect of Diet with Certain Glycemic Index and Exercise with Blood Glucose Levels and Insulin of Type 2 Diabetes Patients In Minangkabau Ethnicity

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.13-11-2018.2283643,
        author={Masrul  Masrul and Elly  Usman},
        title={The Effect of Diet with Certain Glycemic Index and Exercise with Blood Glucose Levels and Insulin of Type 2 Diabetes Patients In Minangkabau Ethnicity},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st EAI International Conference on Medical And Health Research, ICoMHER November 13-14th 2018, Padang, West Sumatera, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICOMHER},
        year={2019},
        month={5},
        keywords={body mass index diet exercise insulin type 2 diabetes mellitus},
        doi={10.4108/eai.13-11-2018.2283643}
    }
    
  • Masrul Masrul
    Elly Usman
    Year: 2019
    The Effect of Diet with Certain Glycemic Index and Exercise with Blood Glucose Levels and Insulin of Type 2 Diabetes Patients In Minangkabau Ethnicity
    ICOMHER
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.13-11-2018.2283643
Masrul Masrul1,*, Elly Usman2
  • 1: Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Andalas Padang, Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Andalas Padang, Indonesia
*Contact email: masrulmuchtar@med.unand.ac.id

Abstract

The aim of this study to determine the effect of a diet with certain glycemic index and exercise with blood glucose levels and insulin of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Minangkabau ethnicity. This experimental study design was conducted in Padang City from June to December 2017. The number of samples was 55 respondents aged > 40 years patient given diet and exercise consultation for 3 months and seen blood glucose and insulin patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Exercise intervention for 1 month, based on: a) intensity, adjusted for fitness test results or use the formula: 60-90% (220 - age) to get a maximum pulse. A two-tailed P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Data were analyzed using the Stata version 14.2 (Stata Corporation). The results showed blood glucose levels before intervention were 142.6 ± 48.5 mg/dL, while after intervention 133.0 ± 47.0 mg/ dL. Statistical test results obtained p = 0.039 (p<0.05). Insulin levels before intervention were 11.4 ± 9.9 µLU/ ml, while after intervention 8.4 ± 9.1 µLU/ ml. Statistical test results obtained p = 0.163 (p>0.05) there is no effect of a diet with certain glycemic index and exercise with insulin levels of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Minangkabau ethnicity. This analysis confirmed there is an effect of a diet with certain glycemic index and exercise with blood glucose levels of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Minangkabau ethnicity