Proceedings of the 2nd Multidisciplinary International Conference, MIC 2022, 12 November 2022, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Determinants of Poverty in Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.12-11-2022.2327347,
        author={Tri  Anita and Cicih  Ratnasih and Meirinaldi  Meirinaldi},
        title={Determinants of Poverty in Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 2nd Multidisciplinary International Conference, MIC 2022, 12 November 2022, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia},
        keywords={labor force participation rate inflation interest rates investment net export growth public debt public consumption/ disposable income government expenditures poverty in indonesia},
  • Tri Anita
    Cicih Ratnasih
    Meirinaldi Meirinaldi
    Year: 2023
    Determinants of Poverty in Indonesia
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.12-11-2022.2327347
Tri Anita1,*, Cicih Ratnasih1, Meirinaldi Meirinaldi1
  • 1: Universitas Borobudur, Indonesia
*Contact email:


In more detail, poverty is a state in which basic human needs, such as food, shelter, and clothing, cannot be met. It also refers to a lack of ownership and low income. The Central Bureau of Statistics develops a Rp-based community standard. Rp. 400,995 per month for urban residents 370,910 for the village as the poor group's foundation. The issue of poverty will impede economic expansion. Economic growth is the growth of economic activities that result in an increase in the community's output of goods and services, which has an effect on the community's own prosperity. There are many factors that influence and determine economic growth, including labor force participation, Investment Flow, Inflation Rate, Net Exports, Government Expenditure or Government Consumption or State Expenditure, Public Consumption or Disposible Income and Public Debt, and Interest Rates. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of these factors on poverty in Indonesia.The analysis technique or method used in this study is time series data regression analysis, namely observations on a subject/object where the subject/object has a certain period of time. The results of the study showthat Poverty in Indonesia fluctuated from 1980 to 2020 indicated by descriptive statistical data that the mean 16.68%, median 16.54%, Maximum 28.60%, Minimum 9.26%, Standard deviation 4.94%, and Koef. Variance 29.63%. This means that overall, from 1980 to 2020, the poverty rate continues to decline.