Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Social and Political Sciences, ICSPS 2019, 12th November 2019, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Behind the Success of Online Petitions Movement of the MD3 Law Coalition in Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.12-11-2019.2293524,
        author={Hayuningtyas Aneswari Pujantoro},
        title={Behind the Success of Online Petitions Movement of the MD3 Law Coalition in Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Social and Political Sciences, ICSPS 2019, 12th November 2019, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICSPS},
        year={2020},
        month={3},
        keywords={online petition social movement political process theory the md3 law},
        doi={10.4108/eai.12-11-2019.2293524}
    }
    
  • Hayuningtyas Aneswari Pujantoro
    Year: 2020
    Behind the Success of Online Petitions Movement of the MD3 Law Coalition in Indonesia
    ICSPS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.12-11-2019.2293524
Hayuningtyas Aneswari Pujantoro1,*
  • 1: Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia
*Contact email: tyas.aneswari15@mhs.uinjkt.ac.id

Abstract

Today, a movement can be established within minutes through an online petition. One of the successful cases of this movement is the MD3 Law Coalition. In observing the phenomenon, several questions arose, what triggers the establishment of the MD3 Law online petition movement? How can a movement formed through online petitions managed to prevail in Indonesia? To answer the questions, this study uses the qualitative method and applies the Political Process Theory. The theory argues that there are three crucial components for the formation of a movement, i.e.: insurgent consciousness, organizational strength, and political opportunities. This study finds all of the components played important roles for the success of the Coalition. First, the movement is caused by the feeling of injustice from the House (insurgent consciousness). Second, the movement was led by prominent figures and established several online petitions (organizational strength). Third, Indonesia provides the political opportunities that the movement needs (political opportunities).