Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Islam, Science and Technology, ICONISTECH 2019, 11-12 July 2019, Bandung, Indonesia.

Research Article

The Pattern on Nutritional Behavior of Javan Gibbon (Hylobates moloch) in Bandung ‘s Zoo

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.11-7-2019.2297411,
        author={Astuti  Kusumorini and Wamaliah  Wamaliah and Sekarwati  Sukmaningrasa},
        title={The Pattern on Nutritional Behavior of Javan Gibbon (Hylobates moloch) in Bandung ‘s Zoo},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Islam, Science and Technology, ICONISTECH 2019, 11-12 July 2019, Bandung, Indonesia.},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICONISTECH},
        year={2021},
        month={1},
        keywords={defecations nutitional behavior feeding urination},
        doi={10.4108/eai.11-7-2019.2297411}
    }
    
  • Astuti Kusumorini
    Wamaliah Wamaliah
    Sekarwati Sukmaningrasa
    Year: 2021
    The Pattern on Nutritional Behavior of Javan Gibbon (Hylobates moloch) in Bandung ‘s Zoo
    ICONISTECH
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.11-7-2019.2297411
Astuti Kusumorini1,*, Wamaliah Wamaliah1, Sekarwati Sukmaningrasa1
  • 1: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology of UIN Sunan Gunung Djati
*Contact email: astuti@uinsgd.ac.id

Abstract

Javan gibbon ( Hylobates moloch ) is one of the primate species endemic Javanese general scattered in the forests of West Java and Central Java part. Government Regulation No.7, 1999, stated that all types of families Hylobatidae primates, including the Javan gibbon ( Hylobates moloch ) is a protected species . In IUCN, Hylobates moloch included in the category of endangered species or threatened. Additionally Hylobates moloch included in Appendix I to the Convention on International Trade for Endangered Species for Flora and Fauna (CITES), which means the animal is in a category should not be traded commercially. As a frugivore, Javanese gibbons only eat fruits. In thirty days of observation, the Javan gibbon ate almost all of the observation time, which was 5.30 - 17.00. The peak of feeding activity in the four gibbons occurred simultaneously at 8:30 to 9:00 pm and the afternoon at 14:00 to 15:00. Female C has the highest feeding activity at 8.30 at 13.4% and is highest on all time. Very little drinking activity both duration and frequency. This is due to the fact that gibbon feeds are fruits that contain a lot of water. Only Female C drinks the most, especially at 5.30 and 16.30. Urination and defecation activities also occur throughout the observation period. The peak is in female C and the lowest in male gibbons