Proceedings of the First International Conference on Christian and Inter Religious Studies, ICCIRS 2019, December 11-14 2019, Manado, Indonesia

Research Article

An Analysis on the Children in Early Childhood with Autism Spectrum Disorder in North Sulawesi

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.11-12-2019.2302139,
        author={Jeane Marie Tulung and Olivia Cherly Wuwung and Febri Kurnia Manoppo},
        title={An Analysis on the Children in Early Childhood with Autism Spectrum Disorder in North Sulawesi},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Christian and Inter Religious Studies, ICCIRS 2019, December 11-14 2019, Manado, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICCIRS},
        year={2020},
        month={11},
        keywords={resilience factors children in early childhood autism spectrum disruptive era},
        doi={10.4108/eai.11-12-2019.2302139}
    }
    
  • Jeane Marie Tulung
    Olivia Cherly Wuwung
    Febri Kurnia Manoppo
    Year: 2020
    An Analysis on the Children in Early Childhood with Autism Spectrum Disorder in North Sulawesi
    ICCIRS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.11-12-2019.2302139
Jeane Marie Tulung1,*, Olivia Cherly Wuwung1, Febri Kurnia Manoppo1
  • 1: Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Manado iakn-manado.ac.id Manado, Indonesia
*Contact email: jeane.tulung@iakn-manado.ac.id

Abstract

A child in early childhood with Autism Spectrum has a condition of impaired development of brain function (nerve cells of the brain) that can affect almost all aspects of individual development. These symptoms initiate at an early childhood. A child in early childhood with autistic spectrum has challenges all physically, psychologically, and socially to survive both in the family and school environment in this disruptive era. This fact is happened in several Christian schools which are special schools that manage children with autism spectrum in Manado and surrounding areas. This study aimed to describe the resilience factors of children in early childhood with ASD in disruptive era at some special schools for ASD in North Sulawesi. The writers used the resilience theory of Reivich and Shatte in analyzing the resilience factors occurred. This study used qualitative approach with data triangulation through the methods of observation, interviews, and documentation studies. This study was conducted from October to December 2019. The result showed that the resilience of children in early childhood with ASD was happened in the increase of positive aspects of attitude caused by some things, namely; performing a routine theraphy; partnership with parents in applying the ABA method; the power of empathy and interaction; explorative and functional games; the humanistic, religious, and contextual inclusive pedagogic model; and the visualization aspects.