Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2022, 11 October 2022, Medan, Indonesia

Research Article

Debata Kase-Kase as The Foundation for The Existence of The Pakpak Community

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.11-10-2022.2325479,
        author={Yakobus  Ndona and Sampitmo  Habehaan and Oskar  Rafael Tampubolon and Manihur  Banjarnahor and Elvi  Rama Adriana},
        title={Debata Kase-Kase as The Foundation for The Existence of The Pakpak Community},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2022, 11 October 2022, Medan, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIESC},
        year={2022},
        month={12},
        keywords={debata kase-kase pakpak community},
        doi={10.4108/eai.11-10-2022.2325479}
    }
    
  • Yakobus Ndona
    Sampitmo Habehaan
    Oskar Rafael Tampubolon
    Manihur Banjarnahor
    Elvi Rama Adriana
    Year: 2022
    Debata Kase-Kase as The Foundation for The Existence of The Pakpak Community
    ICIESC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.11-10-2022.2325479
Yakobus Ndona1,*, Sampitmo Habehaan1, Oskar Rafael Tampubolon1, Manihur Banjarnahor1, Elvi Rama Adriana2
  • 1: Pancasila and Citizenship Education Study Program, Universitas Negeri Medan
  • 2: State Elementary School 101802 Johor Building, Deli Serdang, North Sumatra
*Contact email: yakobusndona@unimed.ac.id

Abstract

This article talks about Debata Kase-kase, the result of field research on the highest divinity on which the existence of the Pakpak community is based. The Pakpak people, like most of the world's people, place divinity at the foundation of their existence. This truth is reflected in various rituals and symbols in the Pakpak culture, which document the experience of the revelatory Pakpak ancestors in reality. The research uses a qualitative approach. Data was collected through interviews with traditional leaders as well as in-depth observations of traditional rituals and symbolic objects in the Pakpak community. The collected data was analysed using the circle pattern of Paul Rocoer's philosophical hermeneutics. The results of data analysis show that the Pakpak people believe that the entire cosmos is surrounded by divine power. These forces are centred on a single power, Debata Kase-kase, as the supreme divinity and therefore the foundation of existence. Pakpak's traditional beliefs can be classified as natural monism.