Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2022, 11 October 2022, Medan, Indonesia

Research Article

Poverty Analysis of Medan City

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.11-10-2022.2325423,
        author={Dede  Ruslan and Khairuddin  E Tambunan and T  Teviana},
        title={Poverty Analysis of Medan City},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Innovation in Education, Science and Culture, ICIESC 2022, 11 October 2022, Medan, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICIESC},
        year={2022},
        month={12},
        keywords={poverty poverty lines depth index and poverty severity},
        doi={10.4108/eai.11-10-2022.2325423}
    }
    
  • Dede Ruslan
    Khairuddin E Tambunan
    T Teviana
    Year: 2022
    Poverty Analysis of Medan City
    ICIESC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.11-10-2022.2325423
Dede Ruslan1,*, Khairuddin E Tambunan1, T Teviana2
  • 1: Economics Department, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
  • 2: Management Department, Faculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Medan, Indonesia
*Contact email: dras_ruslan@yahoo.com

Abstract

Poverty is a major issue in socio-economic development. Based on BPS data, the number of poor people in Medan City in 2021 is 193.03 thousand people. This number increased by 9.49 thousand people compared to the number of poor people in 2020. The high poverty rate is a problem and priority that must be resolved in development in Medan City. This study aims to analyze the development of poverty conditions in the city of Medan. The method used in this research is literature study with 2010-2021 time series data. Data were analyzed using 4 indicators, namely poverty line, percentage of poor population, poverty depth index and poverty severity index. Meanwhile, the components analyzed are relative position, analysis of development over time, analysis of effectiveness and analysis of relevance and priority interventions. The results show that Medan City in 2021 is in 1st place with the highest number of poor people, namely 193.03 thousand people with a contribution of 14.36% above Langkat Regency which has 106.59 thousand poor people. with a contribution of 7.93%, with the poverty line of Medan City which is also higher than the province which is only Rp. 525,756 per capita per month or Indonesia with a value of Rp. 486,168 per capita per month. The poverty depth index (p1) for the city of Medan in 2021 is 1.1, which is below the average for other regions in North Sumatra which reached 1.58. Meanwhile, when compared to the provincial and national levels