Proceedings of the 6th Batusangkar International Conference, BIC 2021, 11 - 12 October, 2021, Batusangkar-West Sumatra, Indonesia

Research Article

Spatial Dimensions of Inequality in Human Development Index on West and Central Regions of Indonesia

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.11-10-2021.2319593,
        author={Ida  Budiarty and Zulfa  Emalia},
        title={Spatial Dimensions of Inequality in Human Development Index on West and Central Regions of Indonesia},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 6th Batusangkar International Conference, BIC 2021, 11 - 12 October, 2021, Batusangkar-West Sumatra, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={BIC},
        year={2022},
        month={8},
        keywords={human development; inequality; spatial autocorrelation},
        doi={10.4108/eai.11-10-2021.2319593}
    }
    
  • Ida Budiarty
    Zulfa Emalia
    Year: 2022
    Spatial Dimensions of Inequality in Human Development Index on West and Central Regions of Indonesia
    BIC
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.11-10-2021.2319593
Ida Budiarty1,*, Zulfa Emalia1
  • 1: Economic and Business Faculty, University of Lampung, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia
*Contact email: budiarty.ida@yahoo.com

Abstract

This research aims to analyze the inequality of HDI on Java Island and Sulawesi, see the spatial autocorrelation of HDI, and to analyze effect of population size, percentage of poor people, and high school net enrollment rate on HDI in districts/ cities in Java and Sulawesi. HDI inequality is seen using the Coefficient of Variation value. The analysis is using spatial and non-spatial concepts. The results show that inequality in human development in Java and Sulawesi has decreased throughout the period. In both research areas, there is a spatial autocorrelation of HDI, with the best spatial model is Spatial Error Model. However, by using non-spatial analysis, the best model obtained is the Fixed Effect Model. In Java Island, the variable rate of the percentage of poor people and the high school net enrollment rate has significant effect on HDI. While in Sulawesi, the variable population size and high school net enrollment rate has significant effect on HDI.