Proceedings of the 6th Batusangkar International Conference, BIC 2021, 11 - 12 October, 2021, Batusangkar-West Sumatra, Indonesia

Research Article

Narrative of HIV Stigma in West Sumatra

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.11-10-2021.2319557,
        author={Aris  Tristanto and Afrizal  Afrizal and Sri  Setiawati and Mery  Ramadani},
        title={Narrative of HIV Stigma in West Sumatra},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 6th Batusangkar International Conference, BIC 2021, 11 - 12 October, 2021, Batusangkar-West Sumatra, Indonesia},
        keywords={stigma; plwha; west sumatra},
  • Aris Tristanto
    Afrizal Afrizal
    Sri Setiawati
    Mery Ramadani
    Year: 2022
    Narrative of HIV Stigma in West Sumatra
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.11-10-2021.2319557
Aris Tristanto1,*, Afrizal Afrizal1, Sri Setiawati1, Mery Ramadani1
  • 1: Universitas Andalas, Padang, Indonesia
*Contact email:


This research is a qualitative research which is a library research. The data analysis technique used is content analysis method. There are two sources of data in this study, namely primary sources and secondary sources. The data presented is data in the form of words that require processing to be concise and systematic. While the writing tools in this study were a check list for the classification of written materials, writing schemes/maps and written note formats. At first the narrative of stigma in West Sumatra was only a moral and religious issue, then it became a narrative of HIV related to certain groups. The unresolved increase in injecting drug use during the mid-1990s added to the HIV narrative that “HIV is a deadly disease”, “HIV has no cure”, “PLWHA is just waiting to die”. Entering the year 2000, the narrative of HIV stigma began to shift from people to modes of transmission such as “HIV can be transmitted through social contact”, “HIV is transmitted in theaters through needles”, and “HIV is transmitted through razor blades” . left continuously. Misinformation about HIV and AIDS needs to be justified to prevent discriminatory behavior on PLWHA so as not to worsen the condition of PLWHA. Because often, the cause of death of PLWHA is not the disease they suffer from, but discriminatory behavior that makes them lose the opportunity to get proper treatment and care.