Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Rural Socio-Economic Transformation: A Transdisciplinary Approach for Promoting Sustainable, Resilience, and Just Rural Transitions in the Era of Climate Crisis, RUSET 2022, 10-11 August 2022, Bogor, Indonesia

Research Article

Livelihood Vulnerability due to Climate Change: Differences in Smallholder Farmers in Rural and Semi-urban Areas

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.10-8-2022.2338976,
        author={Anisa  Faujia and Arum  Dwiraswati and Septiawan  Pebrianto and Fatkhiya Sabiila Putri Arfiani and Rina  Mardiana},
        title={Livelihood Vulnerability due to Climate Change: Differences in Smallholder Farmers in Rural and Semi-urban Areas},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Rural Socio-Economic Transformation: A Transdisciplinary Approach for Promoting Sustainable, Resilience, and Just Rural Transitions in the Era of Climate Crisis, RUSET 2022, 10-11 August 2022, Bogor, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={RUSET},
        year={2023},
        month={11},
        keywords={climate change; livelihood vulnerability; smallholder farmers},
        doi={10.4108/eai.10-8-2022.2338976}
    }
    
  • Anisa Faujia
    Arum Dwiraswati
    Septiawan Pebrianto
    Fatkhiya Sabiila Putri Arfiani
    Rina Mardiana
    Year: 2023
    Livelihood Vulnerability due to Climate Change: Differences in Smallholder Farmers in Rural and Semi-urban Areas
    RUSET
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.10-8-2022.2338976
Anisa Faujia1,*, Arum Dwiraswati1, Septiawan Pebrianto1, Fatkhiya Sabiila Putri Arfiani1, Rina Mardiana1
  • 1: IPB University
*Contact email: faujiaanisa@apps.ipb.ac.id

Abstract

Smallholder farmers as contributors to national food production have been burdened by various problems on their shoulders including low incomes and climate change. Climate change presents direct impact and significant risks to agricultural sector such as higher average temperature changes, frequent extreme climate events, and increased weather variability. This is certainly a danger to farmers' livelihoods because it causes the livelihoods of smallholder farmers to be more vulnerable. This study aims to determine the differences in the vulnerability of smallholder farmers' livelihoods in rural and semi-urban areas of Bandung Regency as a result of climate change. This study employed qualitative research methods with primary and secondary data sources. The results show that farmers from rural areas are observed to be more vulnerable due to their inability to access various technologies and innovations in the face of climate change. However, they tend to have a fairly good adaptability by utilizing local knowledge and optimally using livelihood capital, whereas semi-urban farmers tend to adapt by using knowledge they got from local government and diversifying their income by working outside the agricultural sector. Based on the results, it can be concluded that differences in vulnerability of farmers are triggered due to availability of resources and capital, disaster management strategies, as well as access to knowledge and benefits from local governments.