Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Gender Equality and Ecological Justice, GE2J 2019, 10-11 July 2019, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

The Reality of Child Labor in Industry Based on “Putting-Out” System from Sustainable Development Perspective

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.10-7-2019.2299316,
        author={Bambang Harjono and Arianti Ina Restianti Hunga and Daniel Daud Kameo},
        title={The Reality of Child Labor in Industry Based on “Putting-Out” System from Sustainable Development Perspective},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Gender Equality and Ecological Justice, GE2J 2019, 10-11 July 2019, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={GE2J},
        year={2020},
        month={8},
        keywords={child labor commoditization informal putting-out system},
        doi={10.4108/eai.10-7-2019.2299316}
    }
    
  • Bambang Harjono
    Arianti Ina Restianti Hunga
    Daniel Daud Kameo
    Year: 2020
    The Reality of Child Labor in Industry Based on “Putting-Out” System from Sustainable Development Perspective
    GE2J
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.10-7-2019.2299316
Bambang Harjono1, Arianti Ina Restianti Hunga1,*, Daniel Daud Kameo1
  • 1: Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
*Contact email: ina.hunga@uksw.edu

Abstract

Statistics show that the trend of child labor decreases, however, several studies find that child labor increases especially in informal sector. Child labor in informal sector is included within home-based industry or putting-out system (POS). Child labor becomes a controversial issue because it is against the rights for children. However, the fact remains that children are involved in works for economic reasons and the involvement also becomes a form of learning the inheritance of local knowledge and culture-based businesses. Such phenomenon can be found in home-based industries, for example batik, weaving, and other culture-based handicrafts industry. The involvement of child labor in these sub-sectors is also controversial because their involvement is marginalized. This paper aims to explain (1) the reality of child labor and the fulfilment of child rights in Indonesia, (2) the condition of child labor in industries with putting-out system, and (3) child labor in sustainable development. This research is conducted by applying scoping study method with secondary data. Child labor in POS-based industry is an opportunity because it happens within domestic sphere and integrates with a family-based business. Their involvement is a tug-of-war between the fulfilment of child rights and the economic and socio-cultural aspects in the context of inheriting local knowledge.