Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Gender Equality and Ecological Justice, GE2J 2019, 10-11 July 2019, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

Sabda Raja against Paugeran Lanang: Quest for Gender Equality in Yogyakarta Kingdom

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.10-7-2019.2299315,
        author={Retno  Setyowati},
        title={Sabda Raja against Paugeran Lanang: Quest for Gender Equality in Yogyakarta Kingdom},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Gender Equality and Ecological Justice, GE2J 2019, 10-11 July 2019, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={GE2J},
        year={2020},
        month={8},
        keywords={female agency gender equality sabda raja yogyakarta kingdom},
        doi={10.4108/eai.10-7-2019.2299315}
    }
    
  • Retno Setyowati
    Year: 2020
    Sabda Raja against Paugeran Lanang: Quest for Gender Equality in Yogyakarta Kingdom
    GE2J
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.10-7-2019.2299315
Retno Setyowati1,*
  • 1: Sebelas Maret University of Surakarta
*Contact email: rretnoo@yahoo.com

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyze how Sultan Hamengku Buwono X transformed Paugeran Lanang (old tradition privileging male leadership). This case study took place in the Yogyakarta Kingdom using structuration theory of Anthony Giddens and conflict theory of Dahrendorf. The sultan had the privilege to change the norms. Structure of significance was found in the king’s dominant power, in which the Sultan owned the resources of culture, economy (lands, buildings, sugar plants, corporations), and 4,487 people as devoted servants of the kingdom. Another king’s power in his practical politics was that he was capable of creating new structure to reconstruct the government of Yogyakarta Special Region in line with the power he had as a Governor. The sultan transformed Paugeran Lanang through his privelege as a king by declare a statement called Sabda Raja which inherently was as a law. The king stated that female can be a ruler called as Sultanah.