International Conference on Environmental Awareness for Sustainable Development in conjunction with International Conference on Challenge and Opportunities Sustainable Environmental Development, ICEASD & ICCOSED 2019, 1-2 April 2019, Kendari, Indonesia

Research Article

A Review on the Community Periodontal Index Treatment Needs In the Population of Saifi District, South Sorong Region, West Papua

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.1-4-2019.2287247,
        author={Syarief  Makka and Yulitri  Hapsari},
        title={A Review on the Community Periodontal Index Treatment Needs In the Population of Saifi District, South Sorong Region, West Papua},
        proceedings={International Conference on Environmental Awareness for Sustainable Development in conjunction with International Conference on Challenge and Opportunities Sustainable Environmental Development, ICEASD \& ICCOSED 2019, 1-2 April 2019, Kendari, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICEASD\&ICCOSED},
        year={2019},
        month={9},
        keywords={community periodontal index treatment needs score age gender west papua},
        doi={10.4108/eai.1-4-2019.2287247}
    }
    
  • Syarief Makka
    Yulitri Hapsari
    Year: 2019
    A Review on the Community Periodontal Index Treatment Needs In the Population of Saifi District, South Sorong Region, West Papua
    ICEASD&ICCOSED
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.1-4-2019.2287247
Syarief Makka1,*, Yulitri Hapsari2
  • 1: Nusantara Sehat, Ministry of Health, Puskesmas Saifi, Jl. Mogei, Kampung Kayabo, Sorong Selatan, Papua Barat, Indonesia.
  • 2: Departement of periodontics, University of Prof. Dr. Moestopo (Beragama). Jl. Bintaro Permai III, Bintaro, Pesanggrahan, RT 6/RW 1, Jakarta Selatan, DKI Jakarta 12330, Indonesia.
*Contact email: syariefmakka@gmail.com

Abstract

The aim of this study was to discover the periodontal index needs in the population of Saifi District in South Sorong Region, West Papua Province. Based on the WHO, 30 % of south East Asian region has a score of 3 on CPITN. Around 25, 9 % of the Indonesian population have oral and dental diseases, A total of 31, 1 % were treated and 68, 9 % still require treatment, almost 20, 6 % of West Papuan population also have oral and dental complaints as well. A total of 91 patients came to Puskesmas (Health Centre) Saifi, were examined. Patients were drawn from the age groups of 15 – 19 years old and 20 years and above, patients have also been drawn into male and female groups. The assessment was done using a WHO periodontal probe to examine each of the six sextants (17-16, 11, 26-27, 36-37, 31, 46-47). This study found that 57, 1 % of the District population scored 3, while 38, 5 % scored 2 and 4, 4 % scored 1 on Community Periodontal Index scoring criteria. Using Wilcoxon Sign Rank test, the p value = 0.000 was obtained (p<0, 05), which indicated that both age and sex were significant towards periodontal treatment needs. It showed that most of the population needs periodontal treatment, also age and sex were a contributing factor to periodontal treatment needs on people in Saifi District.