International Conference on Environmental Awareness for Sustainable Development in conjunction with International Conference on Challenge and Opportunities Sustainable Environmental Development, ICEASD & ICCOSED 2019, 1-2 April 2019, Kendari, Indonesia

Research Article

Mechanical Properties of Particulate Coconut Shell and Palm Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.1-4-2019.2287230,
        author={Sudarsono  Sudarsono and Hidayat  Hidayat and Rozaini  Othman and Aminur  Aminur},
        title={Mechanical Properties of Particulate Coconut Shell and Palm Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites},
        proceedings={International Conference on Environmental Awareness for Sustainable Development in conjunction with International Conference on Challenge and Opportunities Sustainable Environmental Development, ICEASD \& ICCOSED 2019, 1-2 April 2019, Kendari, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICEASD\&ICCOSED},
        year={2019},
        month={9},
        keywords={mechanical properties particulate coconut shell palm fibers epoxy composite},
        doi={10.4108/eai.1-4-2019.2287230}
    }
    
  • Sudarsono Sudarsono
    Hidayat Hidayat
    Rozaini Othman
    Aminur Aminur
    Year: 2019
    Mechanical Properties of Particulate Coconut Shell and Palm Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites
    ICEASD&ICCOSED
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.1-4-2019.2287230
Sudarsono Sudarsono1,*, Hidayat Hidayat2, Rozaini Othman3, Aminur Aminur1
  • 1: Mechanical Engineering Departmen, Halu Oleo University, Indonesia
  • 2: Mechanical Engineering Departmen, Politeknik Negeri Samarinda, Indonesia
  • 3: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
*Contact email: sudarsono@uho.ac.id

Abstract

The development of composites enters a new phase by utilizing natural fibers both as reinforcement or filler. The advantages of using natural materials are being environmentally friendly, abundant natural availability, and simple process. This study aimed to analyze the effect of adding fiber volume composition to the mechanical properties of palm epoxy-fiber composites. Coconut shells were grounded into powder with a size of 0.250 mm, and palm fiber was cut to a size of 1.5 mm long. 10% palm fiber was mixed in epoxy resin by adding coconut shell powder to the composition of 65% epoxy, 25% powder; 60% epoxy, 30% powder; 55% epoxy, 35% powder, 50% epoxy, 40% powder. Each composition used the hand-lay-up method. The composite with 40% addition of powder had the tensile strength of 16.796 N/mm2 and flexural strength of 14.608 N/mm2. Tensile strength and flexural strength in each mixture composition significantly increased by adding 40% coconut shell powder, while elongation and deflection were decreased.