International Conference on Environmental Awareness for Sustainable Development in conjunction with International Conference on Challenge and Opportunities Sustainable Environmental Development, ICEASD & ICCOSED 2019, 1-2 April 2019, Kendari, Indonesia

Research Article

Quality of Urban Green Open Space Based on Urban Surface Temperature for Anticipation of Urban Heat Island (Case Study: Green Open Space Kendari City)

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.1-4-2019.2287188,
        author={Arief Saleh Sjamsu and Irma  Nurjannah and I Made Krisna Adhi Dahrma and Dwi Rinnasuri Nuroduola},
        title={Quality of Urban Green Open Space Based on Urban Surface Temperature for Anticipation of Urban Heat Island (Case Study: Green Open Space Kendari City)},
        proceedings={International Conference on Environmental Awareness for Sustainable Development in conjunction with International Conference on Challenge and Opportunities Sustainable Environmental Development, ICEASD \& ICCOSED 2019, 1-2 April 2019, Kendari, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={ICEASD\&ICCOSED},
        year={2019},
        month={9},
        keywords={quality of green open space (gos) urban heat island urban surface      temperatur},
        doi={10.4108/eai.1-4-2019.2287188}
    }
    
  • Arief Saleh Sjamsu
    Irma Nurjannah
    I Made Krisna Adhi Dahrma
    Dwi Rinnasuri Nuroduola
    Year: 2019
    Quality of Urban Green Open Space Based on Urban Surface Temperature for Anticipation of Urban Heat Island (Case Study: Green Open Space Kendari City)
    ICEASD&ICCOSED
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.1-4-2019.2287188
Arief Saleh Sjamsu1,*, Irma Nurjannah1, I Made Krisna Adhi Dahrma1, Dwi Rinnasuri Nuroduola2
  • 1: Department of Architecture, Laboratory of Architecture planning and design, Faculty of Engineering, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia
  • 2: Department of Architecture, Laboratory of Residensials and Housing, Faculty of Engineering, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia
*Contact email: ariefslhsjamsu@gmail.com

Abstract

The availability of green open space (GOS) in Kendari has crucial role as social and economic function besides its ecological function for an urban area. Along with the population growth and the increasing land use for construction site, a new problem emerged namely the decreasing of green open space and its quality for years. However, It is known that green open space have a positive contribution to the development of urban heat island (UHI). This study aims at investigating the quality of urban GOS in Kendari through Urban Surface Temperature as the effort of anticipating the form of urban heat island effect. Quantitative analysis was used to measure the area and quality of GOS and GIS software was used to obtain data of Urban Surface Temperature from urban GOS to GOS in Sub Regency level in Kendari, while qualitatively, the data was used to indicate the quality of GOS toward the aspect of urban heat island formation. From the results of this study, it is known that the surface temperature in Kendari strongly influenced by the wide availability of green open space as a cooling surface temperature. The wider and better condition of green open space, the cooler of surface temperature and vice versa. It is also known that the District of West Kendari is a sub-district that has the smallest urban green open space of 1,6 km2 or 9,4% of the total area of the sub-district so, the tendency of surface temperatures in urban environments is higher.