Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Islamic Studies, AICIS 2019, 1-4 October 2019, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Religious Popular: Umrah as Manifestation of Religious Phenomena of Coastal Communities

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.1-10-2019.2291689,
        author={I  Farihah},
        title={Religious Popular: Umrah as Manifestation of Religious Phenomena of Coastal Communities},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Islamic Studies, AICIS 2019, 1-4 October 2019, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={AICIS},
        year={2020},
        month={2},
        keywords={umrahworship social action religious orientation},
        doi={10.4108/eai.1-10-2019.2291689}
    }
    
  • I Farihah
    Year: 2020
    Religious Popular: Umrah as Manifestation of Religious Phenomena of Coastal Communities
    AICIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.1-10-2019.2291689
I Farihah1,*
  • 1: Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kudus, Central Java, Indonesia
*Contact email: irzumfarihah@gmail.com

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the religious motives of the Umrah pilgrims in coastal communities, whether the Umrah is only as religious accessories or has been able to place it as a substantial religion. This article uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach to religious coastal communities, each of which has a different experience and purpose in carrying out Umrah worship. Max Weber's social actions and the intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientation of Gordon Allport and Ross became the theory used to analyze the umrah phenomenon of coastal communities. This article results, that the worshipers have different motives in carrying out worship; first, the reason they chose Umrah as a worship service to Baitullah, was because the Hajj waiting list was very long and was not possible with conditions that were getting older; Second, performing Umrah in the Holy Land as a place of forgiveness of sins for the mistakes that have been made; Third, the Umrah worship conducted by the middle to upper classes is predominantly oriented to intrinsic religion, but some of them have found an extrinsic religious orientation. Whereas in the lower middle class, informants show the intrinsic orientation motives.