Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Islamic Studies, AICIS 2019, 1-4 October 2019, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Virtual Ummah and Religious Movement Contestation: Identity and Discourse

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.1-10-2019.2291667,
        author={M M Jamil and M K Zuhri and M  Sobirin and I  Taufiq},
        title={Virtual Ummah and Religious Movement Contestation: Identity and Discourse},
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Islamic Studies, AICIS 2019, 1-4 October 2019, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={AICIS},
        year={2020},
        month={2},
        keywords={ummah virtual identity discourse},
        doi={10.4108/eai.1-10-2019.2291667}
    }
    
  • M M Jamil
    M K Zuhri
    M Sobirin
    I Taufiq
    Year: 2020
    Virtual Ummah and Religious Movement Contestation: Identity and Discourse
    AICIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.1-10-2019.2291667
M M Jamil1, M K Zuhri1,*, M Sobirin1, I Taufiq1
  • 1: Faculty of Ushuluddin and Humanities, UIN Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia
*Contact email: mishbah@walisongo.ac.id

Abstract

The virtual ummah is a study of the object of the Ulama's behavior and the virtual ummah in using the internet as a means of spreading ideas, forming community networks and movements. This research uses a virtual ethnographic approach. The engagement of Ulama and followers in the digital world shows that new media, both in the form of online media and social media, have resulted in changes in all aspects of life, including socio-religious life. Changes that arise from the dynamics of socio-technology have three fundamental characteristics: informational, global, networking. Based on the analysis of figures and discourse content that appears in the network of Ulama and virtual Ummah, we can understand the new symptoms of the virtual Muslim community in Indonesia. Virtual Islamists are supported by puritan Muslim figures. This group activist through social media is a means to reunite the Ummah in the form of e-Ummah or virtual Ummah. Digital social platforms are expected to contribute to creating a virtual community identity that is a way for the opening of the real community of Muslim world.