Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Islamic Studies, AICIS 2019, 1-4 October 2019, Jakarta, Indonesia

Research Article

Mashlahah Fiqh Paradigm of Hasyim Muzadi

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/eai.1-10-2019.2291656,
        author={M  Dahlan},
        title={Mashlahah Fiqh Paradigm of  Hasyim Muzadi },
        proceedings={Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Islamic Studies, AICIS 2019, 1-4 October 2019, Jakarta, Indonesia},
        publisher={EAI},
        proceedings_a={AICIS},
        year={2020},
        month={2},
        keywords={fiqh mashlahah radicalism terrorism},
        doi={10.4108/eai.1-10-2019.2291656}
    }
    
  • M Dahlan
    Year: 2020
    Mashlahah Fiqh Paradigm of Hasyim Muzadi
    AICIS
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.1-10-2019.2291656
M Dahlan1,*
  • 1: Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bengkulu, Indonesia
*Contact email: drdahlan@yahoo.co.id

Abstract

This study aims to examine the background of Hasyim Muzadi's maslahah fiqh paradigm based on the phenomenon of radicalism and terrorism in the name of Islam. By using a descriptive-analysis method, the results of this study suggest that Hasyim Muzadi’s maslahah idea suggests various fields of life in terms of the category of al-mashlahah al-mu'tabarah as follows: (a) the goal of fiqh is mutual respect; (b) the Islamic jurisprudence is based on tolerance. (c) fiqh must be open-minded. (d) fiqh should seek to fulfill the common goods of ummah. Meanwhile, Muzadi’s idea of mashlahah which is categorized into al-mashlahah al-mulghah in which Qur'anic and Sunnah propositions are negotiated between each other in Indonesia can be described as follows: (a) a radical fiqh is aimed to establish an Islamic state or khilafah Islamiyah in Indonesia; and (b) a terrorist fiqh acknowledges acts of violence and bombings in committing an amar ma'ruf nahi munkar as in the case of the Bali Bomb.