4th International ICST Conference on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks and Communications

Research Article

Cooperative spectrum sensing using quantized soft decision combining

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1109/CROWNCOM.2009.5188980,
        author={Miia Mustonen and Marja Matinmikko and Aarne  Mammela},
        title={Cooperative spectrum sensing using quantized soft decision combining},
        proceedings={4th International ICST Conference on Cognitive Radio Oriented Wireless Networks and Communications},
  • Miia Mustonen
    Marja Matinmikko
    Aarne Mammela
    Year: 2009
    Cooperative spectrum sensing using quantized soft decision combining
    DOI: 10.1109/CROWNCOM.2009.5188980
Miia Mustonen1,*, Marja Matinmikko1, Aarne Mammela1
  • 1: VTT Technical Research Center of Finland, P.O. Box 1100, FI-90571 Oulu, Finland
*Contact email: Miia.Mustonen@vtt.fi


In this paper, a novel method combining cooperative spectrum sensing with quantized soft decision combining is introduced. In order to allow cognitive radios and cognitive networks to opportunistically use spectrum, it is a prerequisite that the license owner or primary user of the spectrum will not be harmfully interfered and the spectrum band will be vacated as soon as the primary user starts its own transmission. There are results indicating that the reliability of sensing information can be improved by exploiting the spatial dimension via cooperation between cognitive radios. Our approach is to further improve the reliability by sharing sensing information between cooperative radios using quantized soft decision combining. Simulations are conducted for the proposed two bit quantized soft decision combining, hard decision combining and nonquantized soft decision combining in an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel using Welch's periodogram. Hard decision combining is considered with three different decision making rules and the obtained simulation results are verified with analytical performance results for Welch's periodogram. The results show substantial improvement in the detection probability when sensing information between cooperating nodes is shared using two bits instead of one. By using an additional bit it is possible to reach detection probabilities that in hard decision combining would have required one or more additional cooperative users. The results also indicate that the increase in probability of detection is not as significant when full observation of the signal energy is shared between cooperative radios instead of two bits. Thus, almost all the achievable benefit from soft decision combining can be obtained with the proposed quantized soft decision combining.