1st Annual Conference on Broadband Networks

Research Article

Performance evaluation of time switching in TDM wavelength routing networks

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1109/BROADNETS.2004.9,
        author={Mahesh Sivakumar and Suresh Subramaniam},
        title={Performance evaluation of time switching in TDM wavelength routing networks},
        proceedings={1st Annual Conference on Broadband Networks},
  • Mahesh Sivakumar
    Suresh Subramaniam
    Year: 2004
    Performance evaluation of time switching in TDM wavelength routing networks
    DOI: 10.1109/BROADNETS.2004.9
Mahesh Sivakumar1,*, Suresh Subramaniam2,*
  • 1: Department of CSEE, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250
  • 2: Department of ECE, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052
*Contact email: masiv1@cs.umbc.edu, suresh@gwu.edu


Advances in optical WDM technology have paved the way for high-capacity wavelength channels capable of carrying information at Gb/s rates. However, with current traffic streams requiring only a fraction of a wavelength's bandwidth, it becomes necessary to groom these independent low rate traffic streams on to higher capacity wavelength channels. An all-optical approach to grooming is to allow many connections to time-share a wavelength. Accordingly, in a TDM wavelength routing network, the establishment of a connection requires the assignment of time slots in addition to routing and wavelength assignment. One of the primary challenges in such networks is the need for quick reconfiguration at the routing nodes. In this paper, we investigate the effects of switch reconfigurability, wavelength conversion and time slot interchangers (TSIs) on the blocking performance of connections with multiple rates. Heuristics for time slot assignment that consider constraints imposed by six different node architectures are proposed, and the blocking performance of the TDM wavelength routing network is evaluated through simulations. Results indicate that limited reconfigurability at the nodes is sufficient to attain the performance obtained with full reconfigurability, especially when connections occupy only a small fraction of the wavelength capacity. Furthermore, the blocking performance is not seen to benefit significantly with the introduction of wavelength converters and TSIs, thus signifying that the improvement in blocking is largely dependent on the switch reconfigurability at the nodes.