Workshop on Social Behavior in Music

Research Article

Communication in Orchestra Playing as Measured with Granger Causality

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-642-30214-5_37,
        author={Alessandro D’ausilio and Leonardo Badino and Yi Li and Sera Tokay and Laila Craighero and Rosario Canto and Yiannis Aloimonos and Luciano Fadiga},
        title={Communication in Orchestra Playing as Measured with Granger Causality},
        proceedings={Workshop on Social Behavior in Music},
        keywords={communication action coordination joint action neuroscience of music music performance movement kinematics Granger causality neuroaesthetic},
  • Alessandro D’ausilio
    Leonardo Badino
    Yi Li
    Sera Tokay
    Laila Craighero
    Rosario Canto
    Yiannis Aloimonos
    Luciano Fadiga
    Year: 2012
    Communication in Orchestra Playing as Measured with Granger Causality
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-30214-5_37
Alessandro D’ausilio1, Leonardo Badino1, Yi Li2, Sera Tokay3, Laila Craighero4, Rosario Canto, Yiannis Aloimonos2, Luciano Fadiga
  • 1: Italian Institute of Technology
  • 2: University of Maryland
  • 3: Şişli Symphony Orchestra
  • 4: University of Ferrara


Coordinated action between music orchestra performance, driven by a conductor, is a remarkable instance of interaction/communication. However, a rigorous testing of inter-individual coordination in an ecological scenario poses a series of technical problems. Here we recorded violinists’ and conductor’s movements kinematics in an ecological interactive scenario. We searched for directed influences between conductor and musicians and among musicians by using the Granger Causality method. Our results quantitatively show the dynamic pattern of communication among conductors and musicians. Interestingly, we found evidence that the aesthetic appreciation of music orchestras’ performance is based on the concurrent increase of conductor-to-musicians causal influence and reduction of musician-to-musician information flow.