Cloud Computing, Smart Grid and Innovative Frontiers in Telecommunications. 9th EAI International Conference, CloudComp 2019, and 4th EAI International Conference, SmartGIFT 2019, Beijing, China, December 4-5, 2019, and December 21-22, 2019

Research Article

Application of Bluetooth Low Energy Beacons and Fog Computing for Smarter Environments in Emerging Economies

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-030-48513-9_8,
        author={Mingxu Sun and Kondwani Kamoto and Qi Liu and Xiaodong Liu and Lianyong Qi},
        title={Application of Bluetooth Low Energy Beacons and Fog Computing for Smarter Environments in Emerging Economies},
        proceedings={Cloud Computing, Smart Grid and Innovative Frontiers in Telecommunications. 9th EAI International Conference, CloudComp 2019, and 4th EAI International Conference, SmartGIFT 2019, Beijing, China, December 4-5, 2019, and December 21-22, 2019},
        proceedings_a={CLOUDCOMP},
        year={2020},
        month={6},
        keywords={Bluetooth low energy Internet of Things Emerging economies},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-030-48513-9_8}
    }
    
  • Mingxu Sun
    Kondwani Kamoto
    Qi Liu
    Xiaodong Liu
    Lianyong Qi
    Year: 2020
    Application of Bluetooth Low Energy Beacons and Fog Computing for Smarter Environments in Emerging Economies
    CLOUDCOMP
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-48513-9_8
Mingxu Sun1, Kondwani Kamoto2,*, Qi Liu3, Xiaodong Liu4, Lianyong Qi5
  • 1: University of Jinan
  • 2: Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology
  • 3: Shandong Beiming Medical Technology Ltd.
  • 4: Edinburgh Napier University
  • 5: Qufu Normal University
*Contact email: k_kamoto@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) has already begun to drastically alter the way people operate in various industries across the world, as well as how we interact with our environment. There is a lot of progress being made toward achieving the envisioned goals of IoT, however there are still numerous challenges to be addressed. Bluetooth low energy (BLE) and its beacons protocol have pushed forward innovations in the field of microlocation, which is a key area of IoT. The emergence of fog computing architecture has also lead to reduced dependence on cloud architecture by shifting resources towards users and local applications. Together these two innovations provide ideal conditions for adoption of IoT in emerging economies, which are known to be both financially and technically constrained. In this paper we provide an overview of the key innovations that are suitable for adoption in emerging economies based on BLE and fog computing. We further present three reference models for indoor navigation systems which can help further the research work in the application of BLE and fog computing.