Sustainable Energy for Smart Cities. First EAI International Conference, SESC 2019, Braga, Portugal, December 4–6, 2019, Proceedings

Research Article

Integrating PV+Battery Residential Microgrids in Distribution Networks: How Is the Point of Common Coupling Agreed Upon?

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-030-45694-8_12,
        author={Iolanda Saviuc and Steven Passel and Herbert Peremans},
        title={Integrating PV+Battery Residential Microgrids in Distribution Networks: How Is the Point of Common Coupling Agreed Upon?},
        proceedings={Sustainable Energy for Smart Cities. First EAI International Conference, SESC 2019, Braga, Portugal, December 4--6, 2019, Proceedings},
        proceedings_a={SESC},
        year={2020},
        month={6},
        keywords={Decentralization Microgrids Point of common coupling Residential prosumers},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-030-45694-8_12}
    }
    
  • Iolanda Saviuc
    Steven Passel
    Herbert Peremans
    Year: 2020
    Integrating PV+Battery Residential Microgrids in Distribution Networks: How Is the Point of Common Coupling Agreed Upon?
    SESC
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-45694-8_12
Iolanda Saviuc1,*, Steven Passel, Herbert Peremans1
  • 1: University of Antwerp
*Contact email: iolanda.saviuc@uantwerpen.be

Abstract

The anticipated development of decentralized electricity generation is expected to strengthen the opportunities of prosumers in the residential areas of cities, in line with the predicted establishment of renewable energy generation and storage. Based on academic research and on successful case studies, the opportunity for residential prosumers to organize in microgrids emerges as a viable and promising solution. This paper focuses on microgrids that are planned to generate electricity with a PV unit and use a shared storage system, and that opt to have a connection with the main grid. However, the point of common coupling needs to be agreed first between the microgrid operator and the network operator, and this agreement is determined by several factors and conditions beyond the basic technical and regulatory requirements. A survey of academic literature on the determinant factors for such an agreement exposes the fact that current research either focuses on the integration of individual prosumers in the main grid, or regards the point of common coupling as a given component of microgrids. We argue that neither of the two approaches is helpful in the case of microgrids vs. main grid, seeing as the agreement is not self-evident under just any circumstances, nor can the microgrid be equated to a single, large prosumer. Therefore this short paper compiles a set of determinant factors for the microgrid integration, as they emerge from academic literature, with the aim to document further research needs and support the discussion on microgrid integration.