Sustainable Energy for Smart Cities. First EAI International Conference, SESC 2019, Braga, Portugal, December 4–6, 2019, Proceedings

Research Article

The Electric Vehicle in Smart Homes: A Review and Future Perspectives

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-030-45694-8_1,
        author={Vitor Monteiro and Jose Afonso and Joao Ferreira and Tiago Sousa and Joao Afonso},
        title={The Electric Vehicle in Smart Homes: A Review and Future Perspectives},
        proceedings={Sustainable Energy for Smart Cities. First EAI International Conference, SESC 2019, Braga, Portugal, December 4--6, 2019, Proceedings},
        proceedings_a={SESC},
        year={2020},
        month={6},
        keywords={Electric vehicle Smart home Smart grid Renewable energy source Energy storage systems Power quality},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-030-45694-8_1}
    }
    
  • Vitor Monteiro
    Jose Afonso
    Joao Ferreira
    Tiago Sousa
    Joao Afonso
    Year: 2020
    The Electric Vehicle in Smart Homes: A Review and Future Perspectives
    SESC
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-45694-8_1
Vitor Monteiro1,*, Jose Afonso1, Joao Ferreira2, Tiago Sousa1, Joao Afonso1
  • 1: University of Minho
  • 2: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL)
*Contact email: vmonteiro@dei.uminho.pt

Abstract

The electric mobility dissemination is forcing the adoption of new technologies and operation paradigms, not only focusing on smart grids, but also on smart homes. In fact, the emerging technologies for smart homes are also altering the conventional grids toward smart grids. By combining the key pillars of electric mobility and smart homes, this paper characterizes the paradigms of the electric vehicle (EV) in smart homes, presenting a review about the state-of-the-art and establishing a relation with future perspectives. Since the smart home must be prepared to deal with the necessities of the EV, the analysis of both on-board and off-board battery charging systems are considered in the paper. Moreover, the inclusion of renewable energy sources, energy storage systems, and dc electrical appliances in smart homes towards sustainability is also considered in this paper, but framed in the perspective of an EV off-board battery charging system. As a pertinent contribution, this paper offers future perspectives for the EV in smart homes, including the possibility of ac, dc, and hybrid smart homes. Covering all of these aspects, exemplificative and key results are presented based on numerical simulations and experimental results obtained with a proof-of-concept prototype.