Society with Future: Smart and Liveable Cities. First EAI International Conference, SC4Life 2019, Braga, Portugal, December 4-6, 2019, Proceedings

Research Article

Internet of Things for Enhanced Smart Cities: A Review, Roadmap and Case Study on Air Quality Sensing

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-030-45293-3_9,
        author={Gon\`{e}alo Marques and Rui Pitarma},
        title={Internet of Things for Enhanced Smart Cities: A Review, Roadmap and Case Study on Air Quality Sensing},
        proceedings={Society with Future: Smart and Liveable Cities. First EAI International Conference, SC4Life 2019, Braga, Portugal, December 4-6, 2019, Proceedings},
        proceedings_a={SC4LIFE},
        year={2020},
        month={6},
        keywords={Air quality sensing Ambient assisted living Enhanced living environments Indoor environment quality Internet of Things Occupational health Smart cities},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-030-45293-3_9}
    }
    
  • Gonçalo Marques
    Rui Pitarma
    Year: 2020
    Internet of Things for Enhanced Smart Cities: A Review, Roadmap and Case Study on Air Quality Sensing
    SC4LIFE
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-45293-3_9
Gonçalo Marques,*, Rui Pitarma1,*
  • 1: Polytechnic Institute of Guarda
*Contact email: goncalosantosmarques@gmail.com, rpitarma@ipg.pt

Abstract

The smart city concept is a strategy to face relevant open issues regarding the socio-economic development requirements that promote people health and well-being. Smart homes are a fundamental element of smart cities and are intended to meet several applications for enhanced living environments and occupational health. Most individuals stay most of their time indoors, and therefore, smart homes are unquestionably an essential place to monitor. Indoor air quality has a meaningful negative influence on occupational health and well-being. Moreover, cities are responsible for a relevant portion of greenhouse emissions, and the outdoor air quality monitoring is relevant to detect adverse air quality situations and design interventions to promote public health. Air quality sensing is a fundamental element of people’s daily routine and must be incorporated in smart homes and smart cities to promote health and well-being. Furthermore, this data can be evaluated by health professionals for diagnostics support and to correlate patient symptoms with their living environment but also to support city managers in the intervention planning for enhanced living environments. This paper presents a review and roadmap on air quality sensing and proposes an Internet of Things architecture for air quality supervision. The outcomes are encouraging as the presented system can be used to provide a correct and cost-effective air quality assessment. The proposed method can be used to support city managers to detect possible unhealthy scenarios in smart cities in useful time.