Advances of Science and Technology. 7th EAI International Conference, ICAST 2019, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, August 2–4, 2019, Proceedings

Research Article

Pilot-Scale Horizontal Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland for Removal of Chromium from Tannery Waste Water with Suitable Local Substrate Material

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-030-43690-2_21,
        author={Gemechu Kassaye and Agegnehu Alemu and Nigus Gabbiye},
        title={Pilot-Scale Horizontal Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland for Removal of Chromium from Tannery Waste Water with Suitable Local Substrate Material},
        proceedings={Advances of Science and Technology. 7th EAI International Conference, ICAST 2019, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, August 2--4, 2019, Proceedings},
        proceedings_a={ICAST},
        year={2020},
        month={6},
        keywords={Constructed wetlands Tannery wastewater Para grass Papyrus grass Horizontal subsurface flow},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-030-43690-2_21}
    }
    
  • Gemechu Kassaye
    Agegnehu Alemu
    Nigus Gabbiye
    Year: 2020
    Pilot-Scale Horizontal Subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland for Removal of Chromium from Tannery Waste Water with Suitable Local Substrate Material
    ICAST
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-43690-2_21
Gemechu Kassaye1,*, Agegnehu Alemu1, Nigus Gabbiye1
  • 1: Bahir Dar University
*Contact email: gzabera@gmail.com

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of pilot scale horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetlands (HSSFCW) for removal chromium containing industrial wastewater with locally available two plant species (Cyprus Papyrus) and Para grass (Brachiara mutica). Twenty-one constructed wetland systems half-filled with coarse aggregate were built. Eighteen of them were used to study the efficiency of chromium (VI) removal with both plants in three replicates and the other three units were used as a control. The experiments were performed at different bed depth of 0.20 m, 0.40 m, and 0.60 m. It was found that HSSFCW with papyrus at constructed wetland bed depth of 0.20 m was the best performed for chromium removal with an efficiency of 98.41%. Comparing efficiency for chromium (VI) removal at the same bed depth, papyrus plant was better than Para grass. On one hand, the growth rate of the plant species was unaffected by the depth of the constructed wetland wastewater system.