Innovations and Interdisciplinary Solutions for Underserved Areas. Third EAI International Conference, InterSol 2019, Cairo, Egypt, February 14–15, 2019, Proceedings

Research Article

Design of a Low-Cost Wind Turbine Controller for Decentralized Rural Electrification Through the Small Wind Turbine

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-030-34863-2_11,
        author={Ababacar Ndiaye and Mohamed Ali and Salif Sow and Cheikh K\^{e}b\^{e} and Vincent Sambou and Papa Ndiaye},
        title={Design of a Low-Cost Wind Turbine Controller for Decentralized Rural Electrification Through the Small Wind Turbine},
        proceedings={Innovations and Interdisciplinary Solutions for Underserved Areas. Third EAI International Conference, InterSol 2019, Cairo, Egypt, February 14--15, 2019, Proceedings},
        proceedings_a={INTERSOL},
        year={2019},
        month={11},
        keywords={Controller Wind turbine Microcontroller},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-030-34863-2_11}
    }
    
  • Ababacar Ndiaye
    Mohamed Ali
    Salif Sow
    Cheikh Kébé
    Vincent Sambou
    Papa Ndiaye
    Year: 2019
    Design of a Low-Cost Wind Turbine Controller for Decentralized Rural Electrification Through the Small Wind Turbine
    INTERSOL
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-34863-2_11
Ababacar Ndiaye,*, Mohamed Ali1, Salif Sow2, Cheikh Kébé2, Vincent Sambou2, Papa Ndiaye2
  • 1: Département Génie Electrique et Informatique Industrielle, IUT ‘A’ Paul Sabatier
  • 2: Ecole Supérieure Polytechnique – UCAD
*Contact email: ab.ndiaye@univ-zig.sn

Abstract

This paper present the development of a low-cost wind turbine controller for decentralized rural electrification through the small wind turbine. This controller allows on the one hand protecting the battery against overcharging and deep discharge. On the other hand, it helps to protect the turbine against strong winds. It is controlled by PIC microcontroller 16F877A. This control function is performed using an algorithm that continuously compares the battery voltage to the charge and discharge thresholds, and tilting towards dissipation resistors. The control signals generated by the microcontroller are PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) type. The validation of the main functions of the controller is presented. The main advantages of this controller are the robustness, the simplicity and especially the low cost.