Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing. 13th International Conference, CollaborateCom 2017, Edinburgh, UK, December 11–13, 2017, Proceedings

Research Article

Minimize Residual Energy of the 3-D Underwater Sensor Networks with Non-uniform Node Distribution to Prolong the Network Lifetime

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-030-00916-8_59,
        author={Gaotao Shi and Jia Zeng and Chunfeng Liu and Keqiu Li},
        title={Minimize Residual Energy of the 3-D Underwater Sensor Networks with Non-uniform Node Distribution to Prolong the Network Lifetime},
        proceedings={Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing. 13th International Conference, CollaborateCom 2017, Edinburgh, UK, December 11--13, 2017, Proceedings},
        proceedings_a={COLLABORATECOM},
        year={2018},
        month={10},
        keywords={Underwater sensor networks Energy holes Minimize residual energy Non-uniform node distribution Load balancing},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-030-00916-8_59}
    }
    
  • Gaotao Shi
    Jia Zeng
    Chunfeng Liu
    Keqiu Li
    Year: 2018
    Minimize Residual Energy of the 3-D Underwater Sensor Networks with Non-uniform Node Distribution to Prolong the Network Lifetime
    COLLABORATECOM
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00916-8_59
Gaotao Shi,*, Jia Zeng,*, Chunfeng Liu,*, Keqiu Li,*
    *Contact email: shgt@tju.edu.cn, jiazeng@tju.edu.cn, cfliu@tju.edu.cn, likeqiu@gmail.com

    Abstract

    Underwater sensor networks (UWSNs) have caused wide-spread concern of academia due to their wide range of applications. Efficient energy depletion and avoiding energy holes are the important issues. In this paper, we study on the theoretical aspects of the non-uniform node distribution strategy in the 3-D underwater environment, which aim to mitigate the energy holes and balance energy depletion of nodes in the 3-D underwater sensor networks. Based on extensive analysis and theoretical proofs, the absolute balanced energy depletion in the whole underwater sensor networks is not achievable, while the maximized balanced energy depletion except for the nodes in the outermost (Annular Globular Region) is possible. Furthermore, we propose a non-uniform distribution routing algorithm based the minimum energy consumption called MEC to address the energy hole problems and prolong the network lifetime. Extensive simulations show that the network achieves a high energy efficiency, less than 5% of total initial energy is wasted and the network lifetime is prolonged more than 400% compared with the uniform node distribution strategy.