e-Infrastructure and e-Services for Developing Countries. Third International ICST Conference, AFRICOMM 2011, Zanzibar, Tanzania, November 23-24, 2011, Revised Selected Papers

Research Article

Enhancing Service Provisioning within Heterogeneous Wireless Networks for Emergency Situations

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-642-29093-0_2,
        author={Christian Lottermann and Andreas Klein and Hans Schotten and Christian Mannweiler},
        title={Enhancing Service Provisioning within Heterogeneous Wireless Networks for Emergency Situations},
        proceedings={e-Infrastructure and e-Services for Developing Countries. Third International ICST Conference, AFRICOMM 2011, Zanzibar, Tanzania, November 23-24, 2011, Revised Selected Papers},
        proceedings_a={AFRICOMM},
        year={2012},
        month={5},
        keywords={Joint Call Admission Control Dynamic Bandwidth Adaptation Utility Heterogeneous Wireless Networks},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-642-29093-0_2}
    }
    
  • Christian Lottermann
    Andreas Klein
    Hans Schotten
    Christian Mannweiler
    Year: 2012
    Enhancing Service Provisioning within Heterogeneous Wireless Networks for Emergency Situations
    AFRICOMM
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-29093-0_2
Christian Lottermann1,*, Andreas Klein1,*, Hans Schotten1,*, Christian Mannweiler1
  • 1: University of Kaiserslautern
*Contact email: lottermann@eit.uni-kl.de, aklein@eit.uni-kl.de, schotten@eit.uni-kl.de

Abstract

Emergency situations where lives are at stake, such as natural disasters, accidents, or serious fire, require low reaction times. Especially in sparsely populated areas the distance between the nearest emergency station and its disaster location may be quite large. In order to minimize reaction times, emergency communication is to be prioritized with respect to other network services. For enabling efficient and privileged usage of available network resources for emergency services, we propose to handle diverse service requests, ranging from emergency voice calls to bandwidth-consuming streaming services for emergency news, collaboratively by a Joint Call Admision Control (JCAC) and Dynamic Bandwidth Adaptation (DBA) approach. Therefore, we introduce a novel utility definition of services. It represents a generic measurement of the provided level of importance of the emergency service with respect to the common utility, i.e. the utility of service provisioning for the population. The designed JCAC and DBA algorithms cooperatively manage resources of heterogeneous wireless networks and aim at supporting a maximum number of requested services. Further, system utilization is optimized by improving the QoS characteristics of the already granted, elastic services. Simulation results show an improvement in the overall gained utility for emergency services compared to other research approaches.