Sensor Systems and Software. First International ICST Conference, S-CUBE 2009, Pisa, Italy, September 7-9, 2009, Revised Selected Papers

Research Article

Coordinated Sleeping for Beaconless 802.15.4-Based Multihop Networks

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-642-11528-8_19,
        author={A. Ruzzelli and A. Schoofs and G. O’Hare and M. Aoun and P. Stok},
        title={Coordinated Sleeping for Beaconless 802.15.4-Based Multihop Networks},
        proceedings={Sensor Systems and Software. First International ICST Conference, S-CUBE 2009, Pisa, Italy, September 7-9, 2009, Revised Selected Papers},
        proceedings_a={S-CUBE},
        year={2012},
        month={5},
        keywords={Sensor network wireless routing energy 802.15.4},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-642-11528-8_19}
    }
    
  • A. Ruzzelli
    A. Schoofs
    G. O’Hare
    M. Aoun
    P. Stok
    Year: 2012
    Coordinated Sleeping for Beaconless 802.15.4-Based Multihop Networks
    S-CUBE
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-11528-8_19
A. Ruzzelli1,*, A. Schoofs1,*, G. O’Hare1,*, M. Aoun2,*, P. Stok2,*
  • 1: CLARITY: Centre for Sensor Web Technologies
  • 2: Philips Research Laboratories
*Contact email: ruzzelli@ucd.ie, anthony.schoofs@ucd.ie, gregory.ohare@ucd.ie, marc.aoun@philips.com, peter.van.der.stok@philips.com

Abstract

The last few years have seen a wide adoption of the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC/PHY standard for low-power communication between wireless sensor nodes. Within this work we study some fundamental drawbacks of the 802.15.4 specifications for multihop network deployments, which adversely affect efficient node energy consumption. These issues are rectified by investigating a timezone-based scheduling, V-Route, that builds on 802.15.4 beaconless mode to enable both a synchronized sleep scheduling and a bidirectional communication between nodes in the sensor network and the PAN coordinator. The contributions of V-Route are threefold: (1) mitigate collisions, (2) enable packet routing and (3) provide energy saving in a multihop context, while maintaining the full compliancy with the 802.15.4 standard. We present a performance evaluation on energy consumption and latency with real experiments on Philips AquisGrain sensor nodes. Enhancing 802.15.4-based multi-hop networks with V-Route yields energy reduction ranging from 27.3% to 85.3%.