ew 17(14): e4

Research Article

Green Communications: Techniques and Challenges

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.4-10-2017.153162,
        author={Nabeel Ahmed Malik and Masood Ur-Rehman},
        title={Green Communications: Techniques and Challenges},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web and Information Technologies},
        volume={4},
        number={14},
        publisher={EAI},
        journal_a={EW},
        year={2017},
        month={10},
        keywords={Green Communication, D2D, massive MIMO, HetNets and IoT.},
        doi={10.4108/eai.4-10-2017.153162}
    }
    
  • Nabeel Ahmed Malik
    Masood Ur-Rehman
    Year: 2017
    Green Communications: Techniques and Challenges
    EW
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.4-10-2017.153162
Nabeel Ahmed Malik1, Masood Ur-Rehman1,*
  • 1: University of Bedfordshire, Luton LU1 3JU, United Kingdom
*Contact email: masood.urrehman@beds.ac.uk

Abstract

Green technology has drawn a huge amount of attention with the development of the modern world. Similarly with the development in communication technology the industries and researchers are focusing to make this communication as green as possible. In cellular technology the evolution of 5G is the next step to fulfil the user demands and it will be available to the users in 2020. This will increase the energy consumption by which will result in excess emission of co2. In this paper different techniques for the green communication technology and some challenges are discussed. These techniques include device-to-device communication (D2D), massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems, heterogeneous networks (HetNets) and Green Internet of Things (IoT).