EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web and Information Technologies 18(17): e8

Research Article

EH-DBR: Energy Harvesting Depth Based Routing for Underwater Sensor Networks

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  • @ARTICLE{10.4108/eai.10-4-2018.154451,
        author={M.Nouman  Khan and Zahid  Wadud and Aisha  Khalid and Sheeraz  Ahmed and  Nadeem  Javaid and  Abdul  Hafeez},
        title={EH-DBR: Energy Harvesting Depth Based Routing for Underwater Sensor Networks},
        journal={EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web and Information Technologies},
        volume={18},
        number={17},
        publisher={EAI},
        journal_a={EW},
        year={2018},
        month={4},
        keywords={WSN, DBR, UWSN, Energy Harvesting, EH-DBR, Protocol},
        doi={10.4108/eai.10-4-2018.154451}
    }
    
  • M.Nouman Khan
    Zahid Wadud
    Aisha Khalid
    Sheeraz Ahmed
    Nadeem Javaid
    Abdul Hafeez
    Year: 2018
    EH-DBR: Energy Harvesting Depth Based Routing for Underwater Sensor Networks
    EW
    EAI
    DOI: 10.4108/eai.10-4-2018.154451
M.Nouman Khan1,*, Zahid Wadud1,*, Aisha Khalid1,*, Sheeraz Ahmed2,*, Nadeem Javaid3,*, Abdul Hafeez1,*
  • 1: University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2: Iqra National University, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 3: COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
*Contact email: nume_khan310@yahoo.com, zahidmufti@nwfpuet.edu.pk , 14pwcse1216@uetpeshawar.edu.pk, sheerazahmed306@gmail.com, nadeemjavaidqau@gmail.com, abdul.hafeez@uetpeshawar.edu.pk

Abstract

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are network of physical small sensors which are interconnected through wireless links. WSNs are ubiquitous in diverse types of environment such as air interface and underwater acoustic communication. WSNs are responsible for collecting data, accomplishing appropriate operations on it and if required then relay it to the sink node. WSNs had many issues and challenges specifically in underwater wireless sensor network (UWSN). Secondly there is an issue of network life time as the sensor nodes have limited battery and it is challenging to replace it frequently specially in UWSN. An important challenge in the performance of the DBR is the energy constraint due to limited battery life time, which can cause the entire network to go down. In this paper, we propose an Energy Harvesting Depth Based Routing Protocol (EH-DBR) protocol. Our proposed protocol (EH-DBR) sensor node harvest and store power via external acoustic source in the form of packets. The key advantage of our protocol is that its lifetime will be extended indefinitely. Moreover, our routing protocol can take advantage of DBR architecture without introducing extra cost. We conduct extensive simulations. The results show that EH-DBR can achieve very high packet delivery ratios due to long time performance.