2nd International ICST Conference on Body Area Networks

Research Article

Energy Scavenging for Body Sensor Networks

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  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.4108/bodynets.2007.169,
        author={Elizabeth K. Reilly and Paul K. Wright},
        title={Energy Scavenging for Body Sensor Networks},
        proceedings={2nd International ICST Conference on Body Area Networks},
        publisher={ICST},
        proceedings_a={BODYNETS},
        year={2007},
        month={6},
        keywords={Sensor networks energy scavenging},
        doi={10.4108/bodynets.2007.169}
    }
    
  • Elizabeth K. Reilly
    Paul K. Wright
    Year: 2007
    Energy Scavenging for Body Sensor Networks
    BODYNETS
    ICST
    DOI: 10.4108/bodynets.2007.169
Elizabeth K. Reilly1,*, Paul K. Wright2,*
  • 1: University of California Berkeley 2111 Etcheverry Hall Berkeley, CA 94720 001-510-301-3931
  • 2: University of California Berkeley 2117 Etcheverry Hall Berkeley, CA 94720 001-510-643-6546
*Contact email: beth@kingkong.me.berkeley.edu, pwright@me.berkeley.edu

Abstract

For small, inexpensive, ubiquitous wireless sensors to be realized, all constituents of the device, including the power source, must be directly integratable. For long term application the device must be capable of scavenging power from its surrounding environment. An apparent solution lies in conversion of mechanical energy to electrical output via the growth and direct integration of piezoelectric thin films unimorphs with the wireless electronics. Current devices are limited by both their design and material selection. This paper will address optimizing the design of microscale devices by showing how the device strains under input vibration are directly proportional to its power output, and by proposing some designs which increase the strain distribution over more of the device volume. Finite element modeling (ANSYS®) was used to determine the strain distribution in a cantilever, modified cantilever, trapezoid, and spiral shaped piezoelectric microscale energy scavenging system. The devices have been fabricated and initial results are presented.