Smart Grid Inspired Future Technologies. Second EAI International Conference, SmartGIFT 2017, London, UK, March 27–28, 2017, Proceedings

Research Article

Optical Fibre-Based Environmental Sensors Utilizing Wireless Smart Grid Platform

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-319-61813-5_25,
        author={Minglong Zhang and Kin Chow and Peter Chong},
        title={Optical Fibre-Based Environmental Sensors Utilizing Wireless Smart Grid Platform},
        proceedings={Smart Grid Inspired Future Technologies. Second EAI International Conference, SmartGIFT 2017, London, UK, March 27--28, 2017, Proceedings},
        proceedings_a={SMARTGIFT},
        year={2017},
        month={9},
        keywords={Smart grid Wireless sensor networks Optical fibre sensors Environmental monitoring},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-319-61813-5_25}
    }
    
  • Minglong Zhang
    Kin Chow
    Peter Chong
    Year: 2017
    Optical Fibre-Based Environmental Sensors Utilizing Wireless Smart Grid Platform
    SMARTGIFT
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-61813-5_25
Minglong Zhang1, Kin Chow2,*, Peter Chong1
  • 1: Auckland University of Technology
  • 2: Manchester Metropolitan University
*Contact email: K.Chow@mmu.ac.uk

Abstract

With the advent and development of smart grid in recent years, traditional power grid is undergoing a profound revolution. By utilizing modern wireless technology and sensor, wireless smart grid (WSG) can effectively solve many hard and haunting issues in traditional grid, such as high maintenance costs, poor scalability, low efficiency and stability. In a WSG, data are collected by sensors at first and then transmitted to base station through wireless network. After receiving those data, corresponding actions are executed by control center. We present the integration of optical fibre-based sensor to WSG platform for real-time environmental monitoring. As a proof-of-concept, an optical fibre sensor for refractive index (RI) sensing of fresh water is adopted. The sensing mechanism relies on the reflectance at the fibre interface, where the intensity of the reflected spectra is registered corresponding to the change of the RI of the ambient environment. A sensitivity of 29.3 dB/RIU is achieved for the fabricated fibre sensor within the RI range of 1.33–1.46, and the acquired data is transmitted through wireless smart meters.