Pervasive Computing Paradigms for Mental Health. 7th International Conference, MindCare 2018, Boston, MA, USA, January 9–10, 2018, Proceedings

Research Article

Using an Aging Simulator Suit for Modeling Visuo-Motor Limitations of Elderly Users Interacting with a Mobile Application: Feasibility Study

  • @INPROCEEDINGS{10.1007/978-3-030-01093-5_4,
        author={Andrea Gaggioli and Chiara Settimi and Pietro Cipresso and Elisa Pedroli and Marco Stramba-Badiale and Giuseppe Riva},
        title={Using an Aging Simulator Suit for Modeling Visuo-Motor Limitations of Elderly Users Interacting with a Mobile Application: Feasibility Study},
        proceedings={Pervasive Computing Paradigms for Mental Health. 7th International Conference, MindCare 2018,  Boston, MA, USA, January 9--10, 2018, Proceedings},
        proceedings_a={MINDCARE},
        year={2018},
        month={10},
        keywords={Inclusive design Accessibility Aging simulator suit Visuo-motor limitation Mobile applications},
        doi={10.1007/978-3-030-01093-5_4}
    }
    
  • Andrea Gaggioli
    Chiara Settimi
    Pietro Cipresso
    Elisa Pedroli
    Marco Stramba-Badiale
    Giuseppe Riva
    Year: 2018
    Using an Aging Simulator Suit for Modeling Visuo-Motor Limitations of Elderly Users Interacting with a Mobile Application: Feasibility Study
    MINDCARE
    Springer
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-01093-5_4
Andrea Gaggioli,*, Chiara Settimi1, Pietro Cipresso,*, Elisa Pedroli2, Marco Stramba-Badiale2,*, Giuseppe Riva,*
  • 1: Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
  • 2: I.R.C.C.S. Istituto Auxologico Italiano
*Contact email: andrea.gaggioli@unicatt.it, pietro.cipresso@unicatt.it, stramba_badiale@auxologico.it, giuseppe.riva@unicatt.it

Abstract

With the rapid ageing of the population, designing inclusive mobile interfaces that match accessibility requirements is an important challenge. Here, we report results of an exploratory study, which investigated the feasibility of using an “aging simulator suit” for modeling the sensorimotor limitations of elderly users interacting with a tablet application. The study involved one experimental group (“simulated ageing” condition, SA) and two normative comparison groups (“elderly control” condition, EA; and “young control” condition, YC). In the SA condition, a group of young adults (N = 60; mean age = 26.1, s.d. = 4.0) carried out a visuo-motor task while wearing the aging simulator suit, which reproduced three levels of visuo-motor impairment: (i) visual; (ii) motor; (iii) visual and motor. In the EC condition, the same visuo-motor task was executed by a sample of healthy elderly individuals (N = 20; mean age = 73.5, s.d. = 6.3). In the “young control” (YC) condition, the task was executed by a sample of young adults (N = 40; mean age = 24.6; s.d. = 4.7). Results showed that accuracy and speed of YC outperformed performance of EC and SA. Furthermore, SA approximated EC performance, suggesting that aging simulator suit may provide a reliable model of visuo-motor limitations of the normative-aged group. Implications of these findings for design practice are discussed.